To top that off, there’s no reason to make pronunciation any harder than it needs to be for the learner, so the idea was to keep it as simple as possible. Pay extra attention to the exceptions, ik, uk and eot. 中國 zung1 gwok3 → zung1 gok3, China). For example, 彈 is pronounced “daan6” in 彈弓 (a spring), and “taan4” in 彈琴 (playing the piano). There are a few Cantonese romanization systems, with Jyutping(粵拼) and Yale romanization of Cantonese(耶魯粵語拼音)being the mainstream. You should feel air coming out from your nose. Mandarin Cantonese Tones 4 tones plus neutral tone 6 unchecked tones, and 3 checked tones Initials 7 types of initial consonants 7 types of initial consonants Finals 3 types of finals: plain, nasal, and rhotacized 3 types of finals: plain, nasal, and checked Table 1. Just imaging you are singing is a good way to understand tones. I’m currently an intermediate learner and I have a good conversational level, maybe a strong B2 level, and after this time, I feel it’s time to improve my accuracy. Your email address will not be published. If you like this, please don't forget to share it on Facebook below :D …enjoy! Cantonese Tones . Description: Pronounce aa and ng in quick succession. Learn Cantonese at home with our Cantonese story book now for 20% discount. Make a sound with your vocal tract and transit to the vowel, then you can easily get the w sound. XiaYinPing (55), ShangYinPing (53), YinShang (35), YinQu (33), ShangYinRu (5), XiaYinRu (3), YangPing (21), YangShang (13), YangQu (22), YangRu (2) and XinRu (35), in which the entering tones are underscored. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: ɛu]: From open-mid to close vowel height; from front to back vowel backness; from unrounded to rounded vowel roundness. To pronounce a, open your mouth slightly less then how will you naturally open it; keep your tongue in the central position of your mouth; relax your lips. It was invented in 1950s, and adopted as a standard in mainland China in 1958. Description: Close your lips in order to block airflow from the mouth; build up the pressure and release it to pronounce; relax your tongue during the whole process; no air should be coming out from your nose. For the pronunciation of y, you can refer to the pronunciation of yu in Jyutping. Cantonese grammar #15: Cantonese negation【廣東話否定式】, 【Language Diary #4】How to Survive in a Foreign Language, 【Language Diary #3】Cantonese vs. Mandarin vs. Japanese vs. Korean, 【Language Diary #2】I should get a teacher when…. Description: This pronunciation is identical with b except you need to exhale stronger; a puff should be felt when pronouncing p but not b. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: pʰ]: occlusive manner of articulation; bilabial place of articulation; voiceless aspirated phonation; oral consonant; pulmonic airstream mechanism. The chart of pitches of tones have been provided here for your reference. View UClkAklkDxjs4sQwVHPxdzMA’s profile on YouTube. I imagine you'd get a similar range of responses if you asked English speakers how many vowels there … Description: Close your mouth; retract your tongue from the front; form a small “o” with your lips protruding and lift it slightly upward. When you sing, you do not just pronounce the word but also add a pitch to it; the pitch would change the word into a “new word” comparing with how you would normally pronounce it. You should feel air coming out from your nose. And there's no-one better than … Since Cantonese characters are logograph, you have to learn a Cantonese romanization system to learn how to pronounce them. Description: Open your mouth wide in order to avoid pronouncing the m sound and facilitating the drawing back of your tongue; airstream should be coming out from your nose instead of your mouth. Wikipedia has a tone contour chart for Cantonese with only 6 tones, but the table just below has 9. Description: Pronounce o and t in quick succession; hold the airflow and pressure in your mouth with the middle part and the tip of your tongue in the middle of pronouncing t. Linguistic description: [IPA symbol: ɔt̚]. Description: Pronounce o and n in quick succession. But I believe it depends on how you explain them and further on how you practice them. I discovered the complexity of Chinese tones during my project to learn Cantonese. Description: Pronounce aa and u in quick succession. Description: Close your lips when you are making the sound. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: ɐu]: From nearly open to close vowel height; From center to back vowel backness; from unrounded to rounded vowel roundness. Mandarin Chinese Tone Pair Drills: Useful charts with Chinese tone drills that you can download. Description: Pronounce aa and t in quick succession; hold the airflow and pressure in your mouth with the middle part and the tip of your tongue in the middle of pronouncing t. Linguistic description: [IPA symbol: at̚]. For words pronounced with Cantonese tone 7, Jyutping defines the pronunciation of a character based on its initial(聲母), final(韻母) and tone(聲調). Linguistic description [IPA symbol: ŋ̩]: occlusive manner of articulation; velar place of articulation; voiced phonation; nasal consonant; pulmonic airstream mechanism. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: y]:  Close vowel height; Front vowel backness; protruding rounded vowel roundness. Description: Pronounce e and ng in quick succession. Description: Pronounce ʊ(IPA symbol) and k in quick succession. Description: A stop consonant is pronounced by bursting out the air pressure you build in your mouth. Are you struggling with tones(聲調)in Cantonese? But like anything in the field of language learning…where there's a will, there's a way! 2 Cantonese tones: The reanalysis This section presents the analysis of Cantonese tones in terms of Yip (2001) and Barrie’s (2007) proposal and contrasts it with my proposed reanalysis, with crucial differences in relation to the predictions in (3) above. What Cantonese romanization system should I use? Linguistic description [IPA symbol: iu]: Close vowel height; from front to back vowel backness; from unrounded to rounded vowel roundness. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: t]: occlusive manner of articulation; voiceless phonation; oral consonant; central consonant; stop consonant; pulmonic airstream mechanism, Description: The pronunciation of t is very similar to d, you just need to exhale stronger. 0. 阴~ Alexy . Not all 4 tones exist for each syllable. Description: Pronounce o and i in quick succession. Lift the back or middle of your tongue to the back of your upper jaw(velar) to block air outflowing from your mouth; build up pressure by exhaling air flow and block them with your tongue; produce even more pressure and release it to pronounce the sound; Make sure air is only coming out from your mouth; relax your lips during the whole process. Description: Pronounce ɵ(IPA symbol) and t in quick succession. To pronounce a, open your mouth slightly less then how will you naturally open it; keep your tongue in the central position of your mouth; relax your lips; hold the airflow and pressure in your mouth with the middle part and the tip of your tongue in the middle of pronouncing t. Linguistic description: [IPA symbol: ɐt̚]. We recommend learners to learn with Jyutping due to its convenience in typing and its system completeness. For instance, the word 茂利 mau6 lei2 means something along the lines of “idiot, dude” (but in a slightly rude way) has a rather uncommon written version, and I don’t remember how it’s written, so I’ve replaced it with a similar word that is incorrect but recognizable and probably used by most native speakers. To pronounce a, open your mouth slightly less then how will you naturally open it; keep your tongue in the central position of your mouth; relax your lips; hold the airflow and pressure in your mouth with the middle part of your tongue in the middle of pronouncing k. Linguistic description: [IPA symbol: ɐk̚]. Description: Pronounce aa and m in quick succession. Because your goal here is … Description: Pronounce a and u in quick succession. Description: Pronounce yu and t in quick succession; hold the airflow and pressure in your mouth with the middle part and the tip of your tongue in the middle of pronouncing t. Linguistic description: [IPA symbol: yt̚]. Cantonese tone. Description: Pronounce i and k in quick succession. Although the tones will not play a large role in this paper, I mention them here for completeness. 2.4. Description: Pronounce a and p in quick succession. Description: Pronounce u and n in quick succession. Below is a standard tone diagram that you will see in most textbooks and traditional Chinese courses. There are certain words, that, if you visit a Cantonese dictionary, you’ll find entries for that particular jyutping, and yet it’s blank. Tones 聲調. Description: Pronounce a and ng in quick succession. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: ɑ]: Open vowel height; Front vowel backness; unrounded vowel roundness. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: ɐi]: From nearly open to close vowel height; from center to front vowel backness; remain unrounded vowel roundness. 11 days ago. Of course, I’m not saying that this is a hard and fast rule – but I have made an effort to do that. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: ou]: From close-mid to close vowel height; back vowel backness; rounded vowel roundness. Since Cantonese characters are logograph, you have to learn a Cantonese romanization system to learn how to pronounce them. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: ɛ]: Open-mid vowel height; Front vowel backness; unrounded vowel roundness. Some words don’t have official characters that represent them (especially Cantonese spoken only words), or they exist but I am unaware of how they are written. Tone with the highest pitch is 1; tone with the lowest pitch is 4. You can also download as PDF or embed it to your website. Although nasal ending consonants m, n and ng are all pronounced through our nose, their fundamental difference lies in the traveling distance for airflow in our mouth before redirecting to our nose. Unique to Cantonese. Probably not the easiest thing in the world to learn! Hakka: dialects sparsely distributed through south eastern On the other hand, you might also find that there are non-blank cells when the dictionary doesn’t have records of such a word. Remember, words ending with plosive ending consonant p, t and k can only be followed by checked tones 1, 3 or 6. 【Language Diary #5】How important is grammar, really? Some might ask, “why leave the table blank at all, why not just fill the table even for words that don’t exist?” The fact of the matter is that there’s just no use knowing how to pronounce a certain romanization if there’s no corresponding word (might be useful for a pronunciation exercise), and some combinations are very difficult to pronounced (e.g. Again, awesome blog! Description: Pronounce aa and p in quick succession; hold the airflow and pressure in your mouth with your lips in the middle of pronouncing p. Linguistic description: [IPA symbol: ap̚]. I know it’s all intuitive, but there are a few sounds that look a bit weird (like “hoeng”), and I just wanted to check. Post-hoc comparisons with Bonferroni adjustments were computed separately for Cantonese tone 7 and 8 words and only significant results were reported. The tones and their corresponding IPA symbols are high-level ä, high-rising ÿ, mid-level ï, low-falling Ÿ, low-rising Ä and low-levelö. Description: Pronounce o and k in quick succession; hold the airflow and pressure in your mouth with the middle part of your tongue in the middle of pronouncing k. Linguistic description: [IPA symbol: ɔk̚]. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: n]: alveolar place of articulation; occlusive manner of articulation; voiced phonation; nasal consonant; pulmonic airstream mechanism. If you want to learn more about the Jyutping chart, I've written a Jyutping chart guide over here: Jyutping Chart Guide. faan1 ke2 zoeng3 ngau4 naam5 min6 jat1 baak3 dip6. Click on the tone variations of a syllable to listen and practice the pronunciation. Pay extra attention to their explanation below. Equivalent to second tone in Mandarin. The Mandarin tone chart in Peng (2006) suggested that the realization of MT35 varied a lot. This short, visualized and food-related jingle can help you memorize all the tones in Cantonese easily. John Barnett said, February 25, 2017 @ 10:56 am. Specifically, these sounds I have treated as the same ( → a unidirectional arrow means one form is converted to the other commonly by native speakers; ↔ bidirectional arrows indicate that both forms are interchangeable), n → l (e.g. There are a few Cantonese romanization systems, with Jyutping(粵拼) and Yale romanization of Cantonese(耶魯粵語拼音)being the mainstream. So, Cantonese has 6-9 tones depending on how you see it. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: ŋ]: velar place of articulation; occlusive manner of articulation; voiced phonation; nasal consonant; pulmonic airstream mechanism. Shall I contact you with your Email to discuss more details there? 🙂. Description: Pronounce aa and k in quick succession; hold the airflow and pressure in your mouth with the middle part of your tongue in the middle of pronouncing k. Linguistic description: [IPA symbol: ak̚]. I want to hear a male version of how to say “goek3”, I heard it the other day, and I found it difficult to pronounce. Mandarin Chinese Pinyin Table. Notice how tones change in an ascending manner from the beginning to the end of this jingle. A tone chart in a notebook notebook will also be helpful. There are 6 different tones in Cantonese. Contemporary vocal music in both Mandarin and Cantonese stems from a common source, a new style of Chinese music that developed in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, but the two musics realize linguistic tone differently. If you’re okay with all this and just want to reference the, #1 You can scroll horizontally and vertically to get the consonant + final jyutping combination you want. Depending on the source, you may see Cantonese described as having 6, 7, 9, or 10 tones. Starts with low tone and … Description: Pronounce o and u in quick succession. and a rising tone at the end of a question (You came?To be understood in Cantonese, it is essential that you master the six tones. In fact, the table states 7=1, 8=3 and 9=6. The tongue does not affect the pronunciation of m̩. Description: Pronounce a and n in quick succession. If it’s not clear, it might be easier to wear headphones, but remember –. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: ɔ]:  Open-mid vowel height; Back vowel backness; protruding rounded vowel roundness. Make a sound with your vocal tract and transit to the vowel, then you can easily get the j sound. Or, maybe I just find this a really useful resource and want to come back to grab the link and share it on Facebook. We absolutely love your blog and find a lot of your post’s to be precisely what I’m looking for. Description: Pronounce ɵ(IPA symbol) and n in quick succession. There are 4 groups of initial consonants. Description: Pronounce e and m in quick succession. To pronounce ɵ, open your mouth slightly more than closing it; slightly pull back your tongue and keep it in the center of your mouth; form a small “o” with your lips protruding. I have enabled fixed scrolling both horizontally and vertically though. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: m̩]: occlusive manner of articulation; voiced phonation; nasal consonant; pulmonic airstream mechanism. Skip Chinese Characters and Find a Good Beginner’s Cantonese Course. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: p]: occlusive manner of articulation; bilabial place of articulation; voiceless phonation; oral consonant; pulmonic airstream mechanism. They include audio. No air should be released from your mouth. Description: Pronounce e and p in quick succession; hold the airflow and pressure in your mouth with your lips in the middle of pronouncing p. Linguistic description: [IPA symbol: ɛp̚]. Description:  Pull back your tongue to reduce the gap between your velar and your tongue. You’ll find that some cells in the table are blank. Description: Pronounce yu and n in quick succession. Diagram of Cantonese tones. Learning how to represent Chinese sounds in Pinyin is Linguistic description [IPA symbol: w]: labialized velar place of articulation; approximant manner of articulation; voiced phonation; oral consonant; central consonant; pulmonic airstream mechanism. No air should be released from your mouth. Learning Cantonese tones is one of the scariest things Cantonese has to offer (despite Chinese Characters 漢字). To pronounce a, open your mouth slightly less then how will you naturally open it; keep your tongue in the central position of your mouth; relax your lips. Description: Close your lips when you are making the sound. Description: This consonant is identical with g except you should protrude and round a very small “o” with your lips in the beginning of your pronunciation; draw back your lips and transit from the very small “o” to a bigger “o” during your pronunciation. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: ui]: Remain close vowel height; from back to front vowel backness; from rounded to unrounded vowel roundness. ie. Pinyin Chart, the chart from Pinpin Chinese or the Chinesepod Pinyin Chart App. If I’m just starting out, and I’m going over Jyutping. We follow Chen’s (2000a) analysis of tone targets, which can be cross-classified by register (high or low pitch range) and type (pitch shape). Description: Open your mouth yet slightly smaller than how you would open it naturally; retract your tongue from the front; form a small “o” with your lips protruding. The tones in this book will be marked after the syllable with the numbers 1-6, which denote the respective tones listed in the chart … Chinese songs are a great way to start learning pinyin because you don’t have to worry about the tones when singing. The system displays only the tone variations that exist in standard Mandarin. Cantonese speakers have also told me that Guangzhou Cantonese has one more tone than that of Hong Kong Cantonese. Description: Pronounce ɵ and y in quick succession. For example, in English we naturally use a falling tone at the end of a statement (You came.) Please note that some words have multiple pronunciations, so don’t be alarmed if you see two words with different jyutping. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: ɵy]: From close-mid to close vowel height; from center to front vowel backness; remains in protruded vowel roundness. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: ai]: From open to close vowel height; Remain front vowel backness; remain unrounded vowel roundness, Description: Pronounce a and i in quick succession. Initial is not necessary for pronouncing a character. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: kʷ]: occlusive manner of articulation; velar place of articulation; stop consonant; voiceless labialized phonation; oral consonant; central consonant; pulmonic airstream mechanism, Description: This consonant is identical with g except you should protrude and round a very small “o” with your lips in the beginning of your pronunciation; draw back your lips and transit from the very small “o” to a bigger “o” during your pronunciation; you should also feel a puff of air coming out from your mouth when pronouncing kw, Linguistic description [IPA symbol: kʷʰ]: occlusive manner of articulation; velar place of articulation; stop consonant; voiceless labialized aspirated phonation; oral consonant; central consonant; pulmonic airstream mechanism, Description: Touch your lower teeth with the tip of your tongue and touch your upper jaw(alveolar) with the middle part of your tongue; completely block the airflow with the middle part of your tongue; build up pressure and then release to pronounce; relax your lips during the whole process, Linguistic description [IPA symbol: ts]: sibilant affricate manner of articulation; dentalized laminal alveolar place of articulation; voiceless phonation; oral consonant; central consonant; pulmonic airstream mechanism.
2020 cantonese tones chart