1. Keith Simons. Besides that, Jonathan had specifically warned David in the preceding chapter, "Hurry! David intended to ask Achish for permission to dwell in Gath, probably having good reason to suppose that Achish would have honored his request. "It is here wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod" (1 Samuel 21:9). Much of what David said here was an outright falsehood. We are not told here where David's men were who accompanied him to Nob. Now then, what have you at hand? It is also possible that the ark of the covenant had been brought to Nob from Kiriath-jearim by Saul in the early part of his reign. God always gives us the best we will take, for his mercy endureth forever. Speaking of Jesus, the writer of Hebrews says that "He had to be made like His brethren in all thin… [You know David was a captain over a thousand men, "Where"s your-where are your troops?"] And the priest answered David, "I have no common bread at hand, but there is holy bread; if only the young men have kept themselves from women." 1-samuel 21:2 And David said unto Ahimelech the priest, The king hath commanded me a business, and hath said unto me, Let no man know any thing of the business whereabout I send thee, and what I have commanded … Now the man Elkanah and all his house went up to offer to the LORD the yearly sacrifice and his vow. Introduction to 1 Samuel; 2. That David fled at once from Nob was no doubt due to the presence there of Doeg. 1983-1999. Eighty-five priests lived at Nob, serving the tabernacle which had been set up there following the Philistine's destruction of Shiloh. Resources » Commentaries » 1 Samuel » Chapter 21 » exegesis. DAVID'S IMMEDIATE FLIGHT TO ACHISH; KING OF GATH. I Samuel 21-24 Listen So, sometimes you act a little extreme to stay alive (I Samuel 21) 1 Then came David to Nob to Ahimelech the priest: and Ahimelech was afraid at the meeting of David, and said unto him, Why art thou alone, and no man with thee? Now therefore what is under thine hand? "He went to Achish the king of Gath" (1 Samuel 21:11). (1Sa 21:1-2) David, fleeing from Saul, comes to the city of Nob. "Then came David to Nob to Ahimelech the priest; and Ahimelech came to meet David trembling, and said to him, "Why are you alone, and no one with you"? However, the soldiers of Achish recognized David, arrested him and would most certainly have opposed any inclination of Achish to grant political asylum to David. Nob was but a village located a mile or two northeast of Jerusalem near Anathoth (Isaiah 10:32). 1 Samuel Chapter 21 Summary Things seemed okay until one little problem popped up on the screen. '"[20] This clarifies the whole episode. It is great comfort in a day of trouble, that we have a God to go to, to whom we may open our cases, and from whom we may ask and expect direction. "It is not impossible that Doeg was detained in the sanctuary for some crime. "The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom you killed in the valley of Eiah" (1 Samuel 21:9). ... 21 1 Then David came to v Nob, to w Ahimelech the priest. "[7] (2) Young writes that, "It is possible that Ahimelech's son Abiathar might have acted as coadjutor to his father as did the sons of Eli (1 Samuel 4:4). He said (if we may paraphrase), "Well, not exactly; the women have been kept from the young men"! It was holy from the fact of its being used in the tabernacle and only the priests were eligible to eat it. This reminds us of what happened once in a big tent revival. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 21:1-9 David, in distress, fled to the tabernacle of God. In those days, as at the present time, "Easterners have a religious awe of madness and would not think of injuring those so afflicted."[19]. 1 Samuel 21:9 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 1 Samuel 21:9, NIV: "The priest replied, 'The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom you killed in the Valley of Elah, is here; it is wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod.If you want it, take it; there is no sword here but that one.' 1 Samuel 22 Chapter 21 David has now quite taken leave both of Saul’s court and of his camp, has bidden farewell to his alter idem—his other self, the beloved Jonathan; and henceforward to the end of this book he is looked upon and treated as an outlaw and proclaimed a traitor. The High Priest here agreed to bend the rules in order to aid the king's son-in-law. 10. Matthew Henry commented on the reason why David elected to go to Nob. 14:3, and he being now dead, his successor in the priesthood, for they were both sons of Ahitub. The only scrap of truth in what he said regarded the fact that he seems to have had a number of men with him; and even that is not evident from this account. 1 At that time Jesus went on the Sabbath through the grainfields, and His disciples became hungry and began to pick the heads of grain and eat. God revisited Shiloh! It is written, not for us to do the like, no, not in the greatest straits, but for our warning. More than 60 years may have passed since the death of Eli, Israel’s chief priest (4:18). One of Saul’s servants was there, and he was an Edomite, a chief herdsman of Saul. And herein he showed great sagacity and penetration. EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). We appreciate the words of Keil regarding this chapter to the effect that, "It removes the objections raised by critics to the historical credibility of the narrative before US. (1 Samuel 20:38). Subscribe to a study package to unlock the ESV Study Bible, the interactive Knowing the Bible study series, the Preaching the Word commentary series, and more. (1) Keil supposed that, "The error was due to a lapse of memory in which Ahimelech was confounded with Abiathar. She went to the temple at Shiloh to pray for God’s help. "How much more today will their vessels be holy" (1 Samuel 21:5). The Rise of Samuel and the Fall of Eli and Sons (1 Samuel 3:1-4:22) "[12] "Ephrem Syrus thought that Doeg had committed some trespass, and was detained till he offered the appointed sacrifice. For example, the International Critical Commentary rejects the arrangement in this chapter, affirming that, "David had ample time to furnish himself for flight, after Jonathan bade him farewell,"[2] supposing that this journey of David to Nob must have happened that night when Michal let him down through the window. David had great faith and courage, yet both failed him; he fell thus foully through fear and cowardice, and owing to the weakness of his faith. I have made an appointment with the young men for such and such a place. David thought he could find anonymity or sympathy among the ungodly Philistines in Gath, but he was wrong. This, of course gave him the opportunity to escape and keep the rendezvous with his men. This is a reference to the Showbread, or the bread of the Presence as prescribed in the Mosaic Law (Exodus 24:5-9). A. David meets Ahimelech the priest at Nob. The Books of Samuel. 1 SAMUEL 21 COMMENTARY EDITED BY GLENN PEASE INTRODUCTION Deffinbaugh wrote, “Saul made numerous attempts on David’s life. To whom else could he have gone, except to the Lord? "[9], "Now a certain man of the servants of Saul was there that day, detained before the Lord; he was Doeg the Edomite, the chief of Saul's herdsmen. Useful Bible Studies > 1 Samuel Commentary > chapter 21. Doeg was an Edomite, and the descendants of Esau were a continual thorn in Israel's flesh. "Shall this fellow come into my house" (1 Samuel 21:15). . 1 Samuel 21-22 lesson by Dr. Bob Utley, retired professor of hermeneutics (Bible interpretation). "This supports the historicity of the event of David's slaying Goliath,"[14] showing that Ahimelech already knew David as the giver who had brought that trophy of his victory to Nob. It is great comfort in a day of trouble, that we have a God to go to, to whom we may open our cases, and from whom we may ask and expect direction. Hither David resorted, for a supply of his necessities, which he supposed he might receive here, without danger of being betrayed into Saul's hands: and principally, that in this great distress, he might receive comfort and counsel from the Lord. Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, "No common bread ... but there is holy bread", "If only the young men have kept themselves from women", "How much more today will their vessels be holy", "The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom you killed in the valley of Eiah", "It is here wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod", "And David arose and fled that day from Saul", "Is not this David the king of the land? So he changed his behavior before them, and feigned himself mad in their hand, and made marks on the doors of the gate, and let his spittle run down his beard. And the servants of Achish said to him, "Is not this David the king of the land? "[11] Payne thought that, "Doeg was unclean that day, and waiting to perform some religious obligation the next day. And David said to Ahimelech the priest, "The king has charged me with a matter, and said to me, `Let no one know anything of the matter about which I send you, and with which I have charged you. First Samuel begins with an account of Hannah, the wife of Elkanah. David, in distress, fled to the tabernacle of God. The recognition of David by the Philistines, and their reference to him as "the king of the land" is not, as some critics declare, the result of some naive `editor' putting an inaccurate historical statement into the Bible. "The king has charged me with a matter" (1 Samuel 21:2). A chapter by chapter and verse by verse study of 1 Samuel taught by Pastor Paul LeBoutillier of Calvary Chapel Ontario, Oregon. . A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of 1 Samuel. David kind of figured this would be a problem down the road. The more simply we depend on God, and obey him, the more comfortably and surely we shall walk through this troublesome world. Ahimelech — The chief priest, brother to that Ahiah, chap. "David came to Nob to Ahimelech" (1 Samuel 21:1). Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. When his life stood in jeopardy, David went (1) first to Samuel; (2) then to his beloved Jonathan the prince; when neither of these could provide safety for him, what could have been more logical than (3) his going to see the High Priest in the tabernacle of the Lord at Nob. Bible commentary on the Book of 1 Samuel, chapter 21, by Dr. Bob Utley, retired professor of hermeneutics. Samuel and the Sons of Belial (1 Samuel 2:11-36) 4. David with Ahimelech. "If only the young men have kept themselves from women" (1 Samuel 21:5). As Willis explained, "The servants of Achish recognized David and assumed that he was king of Israel on the basis of that song sung by the women of Israel (1 Samuel 18:7). "[13] It could be that the enforcement upon Doeg of some disciplinary action resulted in the hatred that must have entered into his heartless slaughter of that whole priestly community. v1 The boy Samuel served the *Lord. Samuel, Saul and David. Recorded at the Bible Lessons International studio. David, in distress, fled to the tabernacle of God. And Ahimelech was afraid when he met David, and said to him, "Why are you alone, and no one is with you?" David thought he could find anonymity or sympathy among the ungodly Philistines in Gath, but he was wrong. The Scripture does not conceal it, and we dare not justify it; it was ill done, and proved of bad consequence; for it occasioned the death of the priests of the Lord. Doeg would certainly have notified Saul of David's presence there. "And David arose and fled that day from Saul" (1 Samuel 21:10). And the priest said, "The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom you killed in the valley of Elah, behold, it is here wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod; if you will take that, take it, for there is none but that here." In those days, … "[8] This habit of turning things over to the sons was well established in Eli's family; and therefore we like Young's explanation as the better one. This evil character is mentioned here for two reasons. ", "So he changed his behavior ... and feigned madness", Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. On that night with Michal, David had all night until the next morning to have prepared for such a journey; and presumably from his own home would have been able not only to carry his sword, but also any provisions he wished to take. "[3] "Ahimelech and Ahijah are probably equivalent names of the same person."[4]. "[5] The great prophet of the Lord Samuel as well as the prince had proved powerless to protect David. Ahimelech, the chief priest 1 Samuel 21:1. Ahitub was a brother of Ichabod, making Ahimelech a great grandson of Eli. "These words are an idiom meaning, `To be allowed to dwell in one's city or country. The Bible records it, but we dare not justify it. ... 21:1 "Nob" This (BDB 611) became the site of YHWH's tabernacle after the destruction of Shiloh. 1. to Achish the king of Gath--which was one of the five principalities of the Philistines. The bread was a featured provision of the tabernacle and was replaced each week with hot bread. Did they not sing to one another of him in dances, And David took these words to heart, and was much afraid of Achish the king of Gath. One of the town's leading sinners (then getting somewhat advanced in years) went up to be saved; and one of his neighbors said, "Jackson, you ain't quit your sins; your sins have quit you"! Bibliography InformationCoffman, James Burton. Give me five loaves of bread, or whatever is here." . David probably hoped that he could dwell incognito among the Philistines; but the king's servants instantly recognized him. While much beloved, Hannah was unable to conceive children, a fact that caused her great anguish. The monarchy of Israel begins with a narrative of despair and humility. 1 Samuel 21. Now David came to Nob, to Ahimelech the priest. He feigned himself mad — That he might escape out of their hands.
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