The property that is inscribed as the Citadel, Ancient City and Fortress Buildings of Derbent covers 37.658 ha and is surrounded by a 451.554-ha buffer zone. The walls extend 500 m into the Caspian Sea to protect the harbour and the mountain wall continues 40 km west, over the mountains, defending the northern borders from warlike nomads by completely blocking the pass between the sea and the mountains. We imagine them to be impregnable, but they are in fact porous. September 19, 2015, the 2000th anniversary of Derbent was celebrated. Derbent turned into the main strong point of the Arab caliphate in the Caucasus and became the most important political and ideological center. It is the only preserved monument of ancient Persian fortification architecture. Built as fortifications soon after the Romans captured Córdoba, the walls stretched some 2,650 m, completely surrounding the city. The climate in Derbent is transitional from temperate to semi-dry subtropical. In 66-65 B.C., military expeditions to the Caucasus headed by Lucullus and Pompeus took place, one of their objectives was to conquer Derbent. This is an incredible site over 15 centuries old, set right btw the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus Mtns. Historically, this position allowed the rulers of Derbent to control land traffic between the Eurasian Steppe and the Middle East. Derbent en haar verdedigingswerken vormden het belangrijkste deel van de strategische defensiesystemen van het Sassanidische rijk. In the late 19th century, the southern wall was demolished, and a modern city developed along the seafront and beyond the remaining wall. Within the historic town, many buildings survive including courtyard houses, public buildings, mosques, baths, madrasahs, and the remains of a caravanserai. At this time, Dzhuma mosque was constructed. The article describes a Muslim grave, dated 915 A.H. (1509-10 A.D.), found near the citadel of Derbent. Museum of Culture and Life of Ancient Derbent (Rzayeva Street, 7). Today, this UNESCO site is the highlight of any visit to Derbent. These buildings are owned by the state and protected under RSFSR Supreme Soviet Decree of 27.12.1991. Copyright © 2007 – 2020 Derbent's location on a narrow, three-kilometer strip of land in the North Caucasus between the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus mountains is strategic in the entire Caucasus region. Everything outside the walls … The walls of Sassanid Fortress Naryn-Kala in Derbent city, Republic of Dagestan Derbent. Derbent is one of the most ancient “live” cities in the world. In the early 18th century, when there was a threat of Iran and Turkish invasion in the Caspian region, Peter I committed his famous Persian (Caspian) expedition (1722-1723). The population of Derbent is about 121,000 (2015), the area - 69.63 sq. Post-Conflict and Post-Disaster Responses, Astronomy and World Heritage Thematic Initiative, Human Evolution: Adaptations, Dispersals and Social Developments (HEADS), Initiative on Heritage of Astronomy, Science and Technology, Initiative on Heritage of Religious Interest, Natural World Heritage in the Congo Basin, Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, Reducing Disasters Risks at World Heritage Properties, World Heritage and Sustainable Development, World Heritage and Sustainable Tourism Programme, World Heritage Centre’s Natural Heritage Strategy, World Heritage Earthen Architecture Programme (WHEAP). Its destruction began after the Russian conquest, when the growing lower part of the city of the European type, not fitting … Museum of History of World Cultures and Religions (Mira Street, 3). In 1898, Derbent was crossed by the railway Petrovsk-Port (present Makhachkala) - Baku. From that time, the population of the town was rapidly turned into Islam. Derbent is the oldest cultural center of Dagestan Republic, the birthplace of its spiritual and material culture, it is where art, art crafts, written language, values of Islam and other world religions spread from. Two walls were constructed 300 to 400 m apart, extending approximately 3.6 km from the Caspian Sea up to the citadel situated on the mountain. The ancient Greek historian Herodotus mentioned “Derbentsky pass” in the 5th century B.C. Despite some loss to original fabric, including the 19th-century demolition of the south wall, much of the site has been preserved. The defence structures that were built by the Sasanians in the 5th century CE were in continuous use by the succeeding Persian, Arabic, Mongol, and Timurid governments for some fifteen centuries. Construida entre ambas murallas, la ciudad de Derbent ha conservado una parte de su estructura urbana medieval. Derbent (English) Дербент (Russ Inside, you can see preserved baths, water tanks in case of siege, and the ruins of ancient buildings. In 1840s and later, it experienced rapid economic growth. There is a legend that says that Ibrahim I Derbendi sent Timur a gift: gold - 9 packs, silver - 9 packs and so on, slaves - 8 persons. The defence structures that were built by the Sasanians in the 5th century CE were in continuous use by the succeeding Persian, Arabic, Mongol, and Timurid governments for some fifteen centuries. Directed by Martin Scorsese. All work to ensure conservation and protection of monuments within operational management is carried out in strict compliance with norms of federal and republican legislation. Within the citadel, the ruins and archaeological remains of a number of buildings are found, including the Khan’s Palace, a bath, several underground water tanks, a 5th-century Christian church, and an 8th-century mosque, one of the earliest in the former Soviet Union. The citadel is surrounded on three sides by steep slopes and has massive stone walls between 2.5 m and 3.2 m thick, over 700 m in length and 10 to 15 m in height. The site of the ancient city of Derbent has been crucial for the control of the north-south passage on the west side of the Caspian Sea since the 1st millennium BCE. 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Город Дербент сложился между этих двух стен и сохранил до настоящего времени свой средневековый характер. Gauptvahta military prison in the Naryn-Kala fortress. Thanks for being a regular reader! Derbent (in Persian “darband” means “narrow gates”) is a city in the Dagestan Republic located in the narrow pass between the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus, the southernmost city in Russia. That’s why this mosque has an entrance from the south rather than the north. The city's protected fortifications were built in the 5th century by the Sasanian Empire, and over the centuries the city has been controlled by Persian, Arabic, Mongol, and Timurid governments. In addition, Rui Gonzales de Clavijo mentioned another Iron gate that was located closer to the village of Derbent. Derbent is located in Russia’s Dagestan region, on the western coast of the Caspian Sea. This article is about the city in the Republic of Dagestan, Russia. The lighthouse is equipped with a lamp and modern optics whereby a signal can be viewed at a distance of 18 nautical miles. The Derbent wall in Uzbekistan is marked on this map, and the Himalayan mountains are North of India and run into Pakistan, it is the dark raised Area on the map. Isaiah 9:6,7 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counseller, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace… Movses Kagankatvatsi left a graphic description o the sack o Derbent bi the hordes o Tong Yabghu o the Wastren Turkic Khaganate in 627. The pass was attacked of the Scythians, Sarmats, Alans, Huns, Khazars and others. Lezgin State Music and Drama Theater named after Suleyman Stalsky. The site stands on the debris of the northern walls of Derbent’s fortress. De oude stad werd tussen deze twee verdedigingsmuren gebouwd en heeft een deel van haar middeleeuwse structuur behouden. Derbent took a special place in Peter’s the Great plans. In 651, the Arabs conquered Derbent, but managed to finally assimilate it just in 733-734s. [9] Eastern Christian sources located Alexander’s Wall at the Caucasian Gates, the Caspian Gates, the Derbent Pass (in present-day Daghestan), and the Darial Pass (on the border of present-day Russian and Georgia).
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